Maiwut Project
  • Register


Maiwut Community based Agriculture Programme (MCAP) addresses income and food security. It is also key helping build the capacity of PRDA as an organization, Local Authority and the local community.

Maiwut County is one of the thirty one of the eleven counties in the greater Upper Nile State and is situated in the east of Upper Nile State, and borders Ethiopia. It lies in the Sobat corridor and is composed of seven Payams, namely, Pagak, Maiwut, Turu, Jotome, Uleng, Kigile and Malual. The area is generally flat and made of loam- sandy clay soils. River Jekou, Yuayding, Nyandere and Lao cut across the county and provide farming, grazing, irrigation and fishing potential. The region experiences sufficient rain from April to October.



Socio-economic and political context

Maiwut is inhabited by agro-pastoralists mainly and they rely heavily on their livestock for meat. During the rainy season, fish becomes the main source of protein as it is easily available.

 The market in both Pagak and Maiwut are growing rapidly as cross-border trading continues to grow because of the prevailing peaceful atmosphere in the area. For now, most of the basic commodities, including building materials, come from Ethiopian border towns of Kuergeng and Gambella. For this reason, the Ethiopian currency, the Birr, is the most common currency of exchange.

 Ethiopian business men have set up enterprises in Pagak. The Sudanese small scale entrepreneurs are also able to trade in food crops such as maize, sorghum and livestock (cattle, sheep and goats) which are sold in Ethiopia to buy items for household needs.

 Geographical target area is Maiwut County with a population estimated at 230,000. 660 returnee youth and women are set to benefit directly from this programme. Previous experience of PRDA has helped a great deal in implementing the current activities. With the final relocation of offices to Malakal and Juba, PRDA is poised to ensure proper supervision of ongoing projects to the respective donors’ satisfaction.



Project goal:



The main goal of the project is improvement of the livelihoods of the population of Maiwut County by the year 2013, through a two-pronged approach;

  • Improved food security for 600 households of returnees including the host communities,
  • Establishment of income -generating activities for 100 youth, two youth groups and two women groups.


Expected results are;

  • Alleviation of hunger and malnutrition in children,
  • Increased household income,
  • Improved local organizational capacity which will be realized through improved delivery of services by PRDA.



Activities of Maiwut Program

The main activities of the programme are:-

  1. Infield extension staff training
  2. External in-service training for extension workers
  3. Quarterly in-field training to contact farmers on improved agricultural practices.
  4. Provide agricultural inputs.
  5. Seed multiplication
  6. Locate, purchase and multiply ‘lost’ local varieties of food crops.
  7. Establish and maintain demonstration farms (Farmer Field Schools- FFSs)
  8. Establish, build and equip the project bases with training facilities


Maiwut programme was a five year programme started in 2005. It was to come to an end in 2010 but was extended for another three (3) years and will come to an end in 2013. All the activities indicated in the program were carried out.



Infield Extension Staff Training

Infield Extension staff training was carried out by Agriculture Coordinator to sharpen the knowledge base of the Extension workers so that they in turn pass the same technical knowhow to the farming community.



External Extension Staff Training

External Extension staff training was done by Yei Crop Production College. All the Extension workers underwent the in-service training in the college. This has improved their professional capability which will help in the programme sustainability when the programme comes to an end.



Contact Farmers Training

The contact farmers were trained on improved agriculture by the Extension workers to improve their production of the crops they grow. This improved their production levels and hence improved household food security and household income.



Establishment of Demonstration Farms


PRDA also established crop demonstration plots in the three (3) bases in the program area. These were Maiwut, Pagak and Kigile. These demonstration plots also known as Farmer Field Schools (FFS) were used for practical training for both contact farmers and Extension workers. They were also used to carry out fielddays to show the contrast between good farming practices and the bad practices. In addition they served as seed multiplication farms to bulk the seeds to distribute to the farmers the following season. The seed multiplication included both seeds bought from established seed companies and the collected lost traditional seed varieties.



Purchase and Distribution of Farm Inputs


These comprised seeds and farm tools. They were mainly bought in Nairobi and transported to the program site at the beginning of the program as no tools and seeds could be found locally. The seeds were mainly cereals such as maize and sorghum, vegetables such as tomatoes, onions, okra, kales, brinjals and pulses mainly cowpeas and beans. The tools were bought were jembes, pangas, axes, watering cans and water pumps for irrigation during the dry periods. Some of these inputs were used in the demonstration farms while the rest were distributed to the farmers who could not afford or had the means of acquiring them.


Establishment of Bases


In total PRDA established three (3) bases from where the PRDA staff operated. These were Pagak Base which was the biggest and the main base where external staff resided when they visited the field, Maiwut Base and Kigile Base. All of them had a training hall and tukuls (houses) as living quarters for the staff and visitors.


Impact of Program


  • There is change of attitude towards the improved methods of Agriculture
  • The farmers are adopting and applying the use of improved agricultural practices
  • There is a marked improvement on quality of life from the observations made
  • The farmers having adopted new farming methods have increased their production from 3 and 4 bags to 12 and 15 bags of sorghum and maize respectively.
  • Most families have adopted the eating of vegetables to provide them with vitamins
  • There is high demand for improved seeds for both cereals and vegetables


Uror Project

Uror Project

Thte main goal is to improve the livelinoods of the people of the people of Uror county through a two pronged approach; improved food security and establishment of income generating activities.
Read More About Uror Project…


Maiwut Project

Maiwut Project

Maiwut community based agriculture program (MCAP) addresses income and food security it is also key in building of local authority and the local community
Read More About Maiwut…


Leer Project

Leer Project

The program impacts positively to the reproductive health of the women in the community by trining qualified midwives and reducing the maternal mortality
Read More About Leer…


Akobo Project

cornfieldAkobo Project

The program has intergrated both agriculture and health aspects of the community in the region addressing both primary health care issues and food security
Read More About Akobo…


Pochalla Project

pochallaPochalla Project

The Pochalla Community intergrated program has the componenets of Agriculture, Health and Education and has been operational since November 2012
Read More About Pochalla…

Our Address:
1234 Ngong Road
Nairobi County, Kenya 00100
Hours of Operation:
Mon. to Fri. 9am to 5pm
Weekends 9am to 12am